Thursday, March 16, 2017

Somalia: Drought Emergency Appeal Revision

RW - This revised Emergency Appeal seeks 3,308,035 Swiss francs (increased from 1,291,576 Swiss francs) to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) support the Somali Red Crescent Society (SRCS) in assisting 150,000 people for 10 months.

The expanded operation will focus on the following sectors: health; water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); livelihood, nutrition, food security; shelter (including household non-food items). It also reflects a substantial increase in the target population, timeframe for implementation, number of activities, and an enlarged geographic scope. The current funding gap is 2,613,274 Swiss francs. The planned response reflects the current situation and information available at this time of the evolving operation, and will be adjusted based on further developments and more detailed assessments. Details are available in the Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA).

The operational strategy

Somalia is a country prone to recurrent droughts due to irregular rainfall pattern and effects of climate change. In both Puntland and Somaliland territories, the population mostly depend on agro pastoralism and livestock, which has been affected by the drought, reducing access to food and impacting on their nutritional and health conditions. In September 2015, there were early indications of possible food insecurity in the Somaliland territory. The Somaliland Government authorities in collaboration with the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) carried out an assessment (from September – December 2015). On 5 February 2016, an alert was issued to indicate the worsening drought situation – this was also followed by an alert by the Puntland Government authorities to the same effect.

Several Regions in Puntland and Somaliland including Bari, Karkaar, Sanaag and Sool had been hit with extensive drought that was carried over from 2015 into 2016. The numbers of food insecure populations have increased markedly following successive spells of drought because of the effects of 2015/2016 El-Nino. There was a severe water shortage and lack of pasture in all affected areas with the availability of water reportedly classified to be quasi-zero in most of the villages. Both Puntland and Somaliland Governments issued separate Appeals to humanitarian agencies and donors stating that there is a need to act immediately and mobilize swiftly to support these vulnerable people who have been suffering for months.

Needs assessment

As result of poor April to June 2016 Gu season and failed October to December 2016 Deyr season4 rains, food security has deteriorated significantly across Somalia, with an increasing number of people facing Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phase 3 and 4). This means that the population is at risk of increased mortality and severe long-term impacts on livelihoods and assets due to the impacts of acute food insecurity, and lack of emergency food assistance.

Food security is expected to further deteriorate over the coming months with improvements not expected until May/June in pastoral areas and June/July in agro-pastoral areas, at the earliest. If the 2017 Gu season is also poor, as currently forecasted, the severity and magnitude of food insecurity will be even larger than currently anticipated. In a worst-case scenario where the 2017 Gu season performs very poorly, purchasing power declines to levels seen in 2010/11, and humanitarian assistance is unable to reach populations in need, Famine (IPC Phase 5) would be expected.

Somalia has one of the worst infant and young child feeding and micro-nutrient indicators in the world.
According to FEWSNET, over 363,000 children suffer from acute malnutrition and are in need of urgent treatment and nutrition support. This includes 71,000 children, who suffer from severe malnutrition and fear risk of death if not treated. Levels are particularly critical in Woqoyi Galbeed, and Sanaag regions in Somaliland and Bari and Mudug in Puntland.

A summary of response to date

Since the launch of the Emergency Appeal in March 2016, SCRS has been able to provide:

• Six mobile clinics reaching 80 percent of targeted population (highlights include nutritional screening and referrals for children, health promotion sessions, counselling sessions on breastfeeding as well as youth and infant nutrition, ante-natal care (ANC), and immunization for pregnant women);

• Provision of clean and safe water for consumption through rehabilitation of 24 berkeds, reaching roughly 4,600 people in each area;

• Water filter distribution reaching 1,078 households and aqua tab distribution to meet the needs of 42,840 households;

• Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST) training for 120 volunteers;

• Hygiene promotion and hygiene education reaching over 78,990 people;

• Food assistance for 900 households through mobile money transfers for two months;

• Nutrition screening for under five, treatment and referrals of complicated cases reaching 15,798 children.